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An individual may experience a variety of problems chewing foods, controlling foods and liquids in their mouth, and swallowing. This condition is called Dysphasia. A Speech and Language Pathologist (SLP) may evaluate and provide specialized training and therapy for dysphasia disorders. Specialized training increases the individuals control of food and fluid as it is introduced into the mouth, and trains and strengthens the muscles of the lips and tongue, to collect, control and move foods and fluids safely within the mouth. Special food consistencies may be recommended to reduce problem associated with dysphasia.

An Occupational Therapist may evaluate a patient for devices that may assist the individual. Therapy also focuses on training an individual to position themselves properly when eating. Dysphasia can occur when an individual experiences sensation, movement or muscle problems, or changes in the structures of the mouth, face, and neck. Although many conditions may be associated with dysphasia, not every individual who has a given condition may experience signs of dysphasia. For individuals who have a chewing or swallowing problem, dysphasia therapy may be helpful.

Common conditions associated with dysphasia include:

  • Stroke
  • Parkinsonís Disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Muscular Dystrophies
  • Head and neck injuries
  • Head and neck tumors
  • Alzheimerís Disease, and Dementia
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Respiratory and breathing conditions
  • Thyroid and other gland conditions
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Post-polio Syndrome
  • Dental and Jaw problems
  • Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disorder

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