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Speech Pathology
A speech-language pathologist (SLP) is a health care professional who diagnoses, evaluates, and treats disorders of speech, voice, language and communication. An SLP may also evaluate and provide non-medical therapy and counseling when an individual experiences problems eating, chewing, drinking or swallowing. If a speech and language evaluation indicates that speech, language, or voice therapy is needed, the SLP will design a therapeutic program of activities to improve the target areas of speech and language delay or disability.

Therapy may focus on the ability to better comprehend language and to use language in a way others can understand. Guided exercises may be used to modify the voice and improve vocal function for speech. Mouth and tongue exercises can be used to help the way in which an individual controls foods and fluids to improve chewing and swallowing. An SLP may provide exercises when an individual experiences a loss of sensation or movement of muscles of the face.

An SLP may be consulted when someone experiences:

  • A speech impairment such as stuttering or slurred speech
  • Speech or language problems because of a stroke or head injury
  • Speech or voice changes related to surgery
  • Difficulty speaking or being heard by others because of conditions like Parkinsonís Disorder or Multiple Sclerosis
  • Disorders of movement of the muscles of the face related to Bellís Palsy
  • Difficulty swallowing, chewing food, or controlling fluid in the mouth
  • Difficulty with quality, pitch or loudness of the voice




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